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YaFSUG: Projectz.

Project: SHU - FreeBSD Laptop Installation.

Installing FreeBSD onto a Laptop:
By Vincent Angus Williams - scribe63

Screenshots: VIEW

As the PowerNomics proverb says :
"If you take risks, you may still fail. But if, you do not take risks, you will surely fail."

Intro Install Post Install - Config Config Package Install and X GUI - Sound Config Conclusion


The system rebooted real fast, and was presented with the boot menu from which i selected 1.
I eventually got the login prompt, logged in as regular user, and got the MOTD.
I checked the date, and disk usage.

$df -h

Disk usage was good, the date was correct but the time was not due to the new DST, so i proceeded to configure the networking to get necessary packages and how to fix the DST issue.
I gathered some basic information that i may need for configuration.
Checked /etc/defaults/rc.conf for system configuration option = values and heeded the warnig no to edit that file. Can check /etc/defaults/pccard.conf for pcmcia card support.
Can check for loadable modules in /boot/kernel

$less /etc/defaults/rc.conf

How to get Wireless config info.

To Load wlan module:

#kldload -v wlan.ko

To find acces points:

#ifconfig wi0 up scan

To display list of known networks:

#ifconfig wi0 list scan

To add static ip address:

ifconfig_wi0="inet netmask ssid your_ssid_here"

To get dynamic ip address:


To bring up interface:

# /etc/rc.d/netif start

To troubleshoot and debug, found in /usr/src/tools/tools/net80211:

# wlandebug -i wi0 +scan+auth+debug+assoc

If there are multiple access points and you want to select a specific one, you can select it by its SSID:
In /etc/rc.conf

ifconfig_wi0="ssid your_ssid_here DHCP"

I check to see the module name for detected hardware once again for the orinoco gold card with dmesg.

$dmesg | grep pccard

I also checked the man pages for wi, ral, and wicontrol.
I switched user to root to continue.


I added the command that was needed for the wi0 to load at boot. This can also be done manually with kldload.

#vi /boot/loader.conf
if_wi_load="YES"  # For the orinoco card.
if_ral_load="YES" # For rt2500 card.

To Load wlan module:

#kldload -v wlan.ko

Because of adding the above lines to /boot/loader.conf, when the system booted i saw a couple of error regarding the modules being loaded twice. Hence i realized that i did not have to add this lines to /boot/loader.conf. It seems like the modules are built into the kernel, so i removed the lines and i stopped seing the errors.
I then added the pccard and wireles card options to /etc/rc.conf and added a couple other options in conjunction to what was already there.

#vi /etc/rc.conf

I scanned to find access points and list known networks.

#ifconfig wi0 up scan
#ifconfig wi0 list scan

At this point, i was ready to bring up the wireless interface:

# /etc/rc.d/netif start

This worked and i got an ip address and other network information my DCHP server, the nameserver information was added to /etc/resolv.conf.
Since the system got an ip address i knew my LAN had connectivity, i further verified by pinging my website on the internet.


Results were successful.

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